Chapel-le-Dale stretches in a south-westerly direction from Ribblehead Viaduct to the outskirts of Ingleton.

The sides of the dale are the slopes of Ingleborough to the east and Whernside to the west.
The dale is characterised by prominent outcrops of stepped limestone scars and screes along the valley sides.
To the north of the hamlet of Chapel-le-Dale, the Winterburn Beck has cut down into the limestone bedrock to form a relatively broad, undulating dale. To the south of the hamlet, the valley narrows and then becomes a deep, straight, U-shaped trough.
Winterburn Beck drains the upper dale, but this disappears underground to emerge in the lower dale as the River Doe.

The River Doe flows in to the River Greta and then the River Lune which enters the Irish Sea at Lancaster.
The B6255 from Ingleton to Ribblehead (and beyond) follows the eastern side of the dale whilst an ancient Roman Road runs along the western side before merging with the B6255 north of the hamlet of Chapel-le-Dale.
St Leonards Church in the hamlet of Chapel-le-Dale is a Grade II listed building.

Graves of Navvies who died during the construction of the nearby Ribblehead Viaduct (1869 – 1876) can be found in the graveyard and a plaque to their memory has been installed in the church.